MEDC VOLCANO CASE STUDY ICELAND

The flight ban lasted 6 days and cancelled over 95, flights. Share buttons are a little bit lower. This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. The eruption occurred beneath the glacier causing large amounts of meltwater, this increased the explosive power, and cooled the lava very quickly creating abrasive, glass rich ash. The eruption affected farmers in the nearby area — ash fall made it very difficult to farm, and contaminated water supplies putting the health of farm animals at risk.

Causes of the volcanic eruption On July 16, , a magnitude 7. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. Britain had fine anticyclonic weather for a lot of the time that the Ash cloud existed.

Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns. Published by Derick McDowell Modified over 2 years ago. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. The eruption occurred beneath the glacier causing large amounts of meltwater, this increased the explosive power, and cooled the lava very quickly creating abrasive, glass rich ash.

Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold. The IMO’s weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is important for calculating the distribution of the ash. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: The eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometres high, which was carried across to Europe by the Gulf Stream.

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The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption. In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc.

Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. These are perishable goods and they are transported by plane to keep them fresh but the flight ban meant that products returned unsold and destroyed.

The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings.

This also has a huge impact on public institutions such as schools and businesses, particularly those who rely on air freight or those whose workers were stranded overseas. Britain had fine anticyclonic weather for a icealnd of the time that the Ash cloud existed.

MEDC volcano case study >>> Eyjafjallajokull

The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. The name is a description volcanoo the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier.

The location of the volcano — directly below the Gulf Stream made it impossible to prevent travel disruptions, however cancelling flights may have prevented many deaths from aircraft failure.

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medc volcano case study iceland

We think you have liked this presentation. Causes of the volcanic eruption On July 16,a magnitude 7.

medc volcano case study iceland

Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and icelxnd and issues warnings. The plates are moving apart at a rate of 1cm to 5 cm per year.

medc volcano case study iceland

The vent for the volcano is 1. Animation of ash cloud spreading. LEDCs were also badly affected, with Kenya being a great example. Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds.

About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service.

MEDC Volcano Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe. Responses to the event. Auth with social network: Scientists were very concerned at the time of the eruption that this eruption could be a precursor or warning sign of a much larger eruption of the historically more active and dangerous Katla. Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal stuey from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers.

In total, around million cubic metres of airborne tephra was ejected. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km! It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption.