Therefore, we think it would not be imprudent, based on the evidence in hand, to conclude that doing homework causes improved academic achievement. Connected Teaching Next Next post: Journal of Research and Development in Education, 31 3 , — Measuring the effects of schooling. Since then, impassioned arguments for and against homework have continued to proliferate. For instance, students may use the concept of area and perimeter to build a flowerbed.

Commenting on studies that attempted to examine the causal relationship between homework and student achievement by comparing experimental homework and control no homework groups, Cooper, Robinson, and Patall noted, With only rare exceptions, the relationship between the amount of homework students do and their achievement outcomes was found to be positive and statistically significant. A synthesis of research, — The researchers suggested that for 12th graders the optimum amount of homework might lie between 1. Practice homework promotes retention and automaticity of the concept , skill, and content taught. In a third book, The Homework Myth: Throughout the first few decades of the 20th century, educators commonly believed that homework helped create disciplined minds.

They provided evidence that too much homework harms students’ health and family time, and they asserted that teachers are not well trained in how to assign homework. However, homework is most effective when it covers material already taught, is given for review, or is used to reinforce skills previously learned.

Carefully monitor the amount of homework assigned so that it is appropriate to students’ age levels and does not take too much time away from other home activities. Yet repeated visits to the medical journals themselves can leave a much different impression.


Homework or No Homework

Some studies also suggest that assigning homework improves the achievement of low-performing students and students in low-performing schools. Quantity Versus Quality Effective homework is homework with a purpose. Journal of Educational Research, homewok97— Throughout the first few decades of the 20th century, educators commonly believed that homework helped create disciplined minds. The authors called for people to unite against homework and to lobby for an extended school day instead.

cooper robinson & patall 2006 homework versus no homework

To enact effective homework policies, however, schools and districts must address the following issues. Parents ask questions that help students clarify and summarize what they have learned.

Special Topic / The Case For and Against Homework

Certainly, inappropriate homework may produce little or no benefit—it may even decrease student achievement. Da Capo Press, Homework is assigned either as practicepreparationextensionor integration of grade-level skills and concepts.

cooper robinson & patall 2006 homework versus no homework

What is your stance on homework? Homework should be used effectively! Many of those who conduct research on homework explicitly or implicitly recommend this practice. For example, referring to Harris Cooper, the lead author of the two leading meta-analyses on homework, Kohn noted, A careful reading of Cooper’s own studies.

Connected Teaching Next Next post: For instance, students may use the concept of area and perimeter to build a flowerbed.

The Case For and Against Homework – Educational Leadership

Homework provides practice with content, concepts, and skills taught at school by the teacher. Learning to Read English March 15, Review of Educational Research, 76 11— At the same time, a number of studies have provided growing evidence of the usefulness of homework when employed effectively. Patricia helped develop and create many of the early resources and workshops designed by DataWORKS, and she is an expert in analysis of standards. The myth about homework.


Time Spent on Homework One of the more homewodk issues in the homework debate is the amount of time students should spend on homework.

Homework or No Homework

Students should not be assigned homework on concepts and skills they do not grasp. Homework is a perfect example: How Homework Disrupts Families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning by Kralovec and Buellconsidered by many to be the first high-profile attack on homework, asserted that homework contributes to a corporate-style, competitive U. Arguments against homework are becoming louder and more popular, as evidenced by several recent books as well as an editorial in Time magazine Wallis, that presented these arguments as truth without much discussion of alternative perspectives.

Journal of Educational Research, 96— Involve parents in appropriate ways for example, as a sounding board to help students summarize what they learned from the homework without requiring parents to act as teachers or to police students’ homework completion. How homework is hurting our children and what we can do about it. Errors and allegations about research on homework.